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Impression West Lake

History of Hangzhou

Hangzhou is one of the seven ancient Chinese capitals, and now the capital of Zhejiang province, is the political, economic and cultural center of the province. Hangzhou is known for its beautiful scenery and has been called "Heaven on Earth." Even Marco Polo the famous traveler had said that the city was undoubtedly the noblest and the finest of the cities in the world.

The history of Hangzhou can be traced back to the Qin Dynasty, in 221 BC. When Emperor Qin Shihuang defeated all the princes and unified China, this area was established as Qiantang County. The name was changed to Hangzhou during the reign of Emperor Sui Kaihuang and lasted to this day. Established as capital in the periods of the Five Dynasties and the Southern Song Dynasty, and lasting for more than 200 years, Hangzhou saw its height of power and splendor in its history, and was called the "first city in the Southeast China". During the period of Yuan Dynasty, Hangzhou was established as a town of strategic importance, with flourishing economy and beautiful scenery, being, in the words of the Italian traveler Marco Polo, the "most beautiful and luxurious city in the world". In the period of Ming and Qing Dynasties, Hangzhou was still leading the way in economic, social and cultural development in China.

After the founding of the People's Republic of China, Hangzhou became the capital of Zhejiang Province, functioning as the political, economic and cultural center, as well as a transportation hub in the province. Renowned for its great West Lake landscape and lush vegetation, Hangzhou has become a famous city for scenery tourism in the world. So it is a must-see visit during your trip and a famous embodiement of Chinese balance and harmony.,
Author/Editor By : HCT