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Guangzhou Celebrities in History

Xian Xinghai (June 13, 1905 to October 30,1945; name used before: Huang Xun) was born in Panyu, Guangdong Province (Canton), China. He was a famous film composer and musician. And he was one of the earliest generation of Chinese composers influenced by western classical music and has influenced generations of Chinese musicians. He is best known for his Yellow River Cantata, upon which was based the Yellow River Piano Concerto for piano and orchestra. He has created many film musics, eg: the "Salvation March" in the film "Top Gun"; theme song in the "Youth March"-- "Youth March"; the theme songs in "Defend the Lugouqiao Bridge"-- "Yellow River Cantata" and "September 18th Cantata"; the opera "military and civilian march" and so on.

Kang Youwei (March 19, 1858 to March 31, 1927; original name: Zhu Zhi, who styled himself as "Guang Xia" and "Chang Su") was born in Nanhai, Guangdong province, China. He was a Chinese scholar, noted calligrapher and prominent political thinker and reformer of the late Qing Dynasty. Kang and over 1,300 other scholars submitted a memorial to Emperor Guangxu, suggesting political reform. It is best known for "Gong Che Shang Shu" after the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895. Kang, along with his famed student, Liang Qichao, created "The Globe Magazine "; established "Ch'iang-hsueh-hui" and published "Ch'iang-hsueh-bao Newspapers", creating public opinion for the Reformation Movement. Kang Youwei launched and led the Reform Movement of 1898. But it ended with losing, Kang has fled to abroad. And then his thoughts became more conservative, even against the revolutionary leader Sun Yat-sen's Revive China Society and Revolutionary Alliance. His masterpieces are: "Xin Xue Wei Jing Kao", "Confucius Gai Zhi Kao", "Da Tongshu", "Mr. Nan Hai Poetry" and so on.

Gao Jianfu (born in Panyu County, Guangdong Province, 12 Oct 1879; dead in Macao, 22 May 1951) was famous painter in China. He was one of the principal founders of the LINGNAN SCHOOL of painting in southern China in the 1920s and 1930s. He sought to modernize the Chinese art world by introducing new painting techniques and through such innovations as public art exhibitions and art classes in public institutions. Studying in Japan in 1906, he met Sun Yat-sen, Zhongkai and others. He joined the United League of China, and as a chairman of Guangdong League for 8 years long. In 1920, he concentrated study for artistic creation and teaching students and founded Chun Shui Art Institute. He has beed the President of Foshan Art Institute and the professor of the Zhongshan University and the Nanjing Central University. Around the break-out of the Anti-Japanese War, he stayed in Macau to teach and raise funds for the war. He always independence that without any coercion and never join the bad band. After the War, he moved back to Guangzhou with his family, and restored Chun Shui Art Institute. He dead in Kiang Wu Hospital Macau in 1951.

Jeme Tien Yow (26 April 1861 - 24 April 1919; previously romanized as Jeme Tien Yow, who styled himself as "Juan Cheng") was born in Nam-hoi prefecture (now Liwan District, Guangzhou) in Guangdong of China. He was a distinguished Chinese railroad engineer. He was the chief engineer responsible for construction of the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway (Beijing to Zhangjiakou), the first railway constructed in China without foreign assistance. He was the founding member of the China Institute of Engineers. Jeme was awarded an honorary doctorate degree by the University of Hong Kong in 1916. For his contributions to railroad engineering in China, Jeme was often called the "Father of China's Railroad".

In 1872, twelve-years-old Jeme was chosen by Qing imperial officials to be sent to the United States for education. In 1878, Jeme was admitted to Yale University and then received his bachelor's degree in 1881. Returned back to China, he has join the naval battle in Mawei. After the war, he came to the Huangpu Navy School to teach and study.

Jeme died in Hankou in 1919 at the age of 58. He was buried at the Qinglongqiao railway station, where the Peking-Kalgan (Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railway crossed the Great Wall and the rugged mountains north of Beijing. A museum was also established nearby to commemorate the works of Jeme Tien Yow.,,,
Author/Editor By : HCT