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History of Guangzhou

Guangzhou located in a temperature zone of subtropical climate, is the capital of Guangdong Province, has an area of 7434.4 square kilometres. Guangzhou has long history. During the Qin-dynasty (221- 206 BC), the emperor Qinshihuang conquered the coastal areas at the Pearl River and set up an encampment there. And it was already a flourishing city during the reign of the Nanyue kings, as early as 200 BC. During the Tang Dynasty (618-907), the city was already an international port. Sailors and merchants from Persia and Malacca visited Guangzhou frequently. According to the history record, the city flourished until the eleventh century. Thereafter, a period of decay began. Later, from the fourteenth century onwards, Guangzhou was able to reestablish its position as most important harbor of China.

Guangzhou became a part of China in the 3d century in Han Dynasty. When the Hindu and Arab merchants reached Guangzhou in the 10th century the city became the first Chinese port regularly visited by European traders. The history of Guangzhou states that the first contacts with Europeans date from the 16th century. Portugal secured a trade monopoly, but it was broken by the British in the late 17th century. In the 18th century, the French and Dutch were also admitted. The area around Guangzhou was overpopulated even 200 years ago, and many peasants from the region emigrated to Southeast Asia, North America and Europe. With the migration activities, Guangzhou gradually became a world famous trading harbor with countries in the South Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean. To strengthen the foreign trade, China's earliest customs was set up in Guangzhou. It grew rapidly and became the largest commercial city and treaty port in southern China.

Guangzhou has an important position in the history of modern and contemporary China. There are numerous sites of revolutionary sites in Guangzhou, the famous Sanyuanli Anti-British sites, Huanghuagang seventy-two Martyrs and the former site of the Whampoa Military Academy, etc.

Guangzhou is now an industrial center and one of the most busiest foreign trade port of China. And an important open window of China to the outside world. Guangzhou is now a prosperous, beautiful modern metropolis.,
Author/Editor By : HCT